The first issue of the scientific and practical journal for doctors «Medicine and healthcare organization» was published»
You will learn from it:
- Does any world religion forbid vaccination?
- Is it true that only 11% of cases are diagnosed with HIV infection when they first see a doctor?
- Are there enough neonatologists in the North-Western Federal district? What is the situation with dentistry in the Kyrgyz Republic?
- What pathologies are most often diagnosed in children using fibrolaryngoscopy?
- How does studying at a medical University affect the health of students, and what is the cultural level of future pediatricians?
- Is it true that a specialist in medical and social work is the profession of the future?
And many more useful and interesting.
Digest of «Medicine and healthcare organization» 1st issue publications
Religious objections to vaccination or religious excuses for avoiding vaccination: do they really exist
G. Pelčić, S. Karačić , G. Mikirtichan, O. Kubar, etc. Translated by I. Mogileva.
The authors give views on vaccination of representatives of the world's largest religions. The analysis shows that none of them prohibits vaccinations, on the contrary, they are often considered mandatory to save lives. The religious reasons put forward for refusing immunization reflect a lack of public awareness of the main theological aspects.
About medical and social integration in modern healthcare
A. Tretyakov, V. Perkhov
The authors identify directions of medical and social integration based on the unity of public health and social protection system of the population goals. Optimal results can occur when the efforts of different medical specialties representatives are combined in one person — a specialist in medical and social work. In this regard, there is a need to train such specialists.
Diagnosis of HIV infection at the primary health care stage
E. Esaulenko, K. Novak, T. Ingabire
The authors evaluate the route of 81 patients with newly diagnosed HIV infection: from initial treatment to final diagnosis. The study shows that only 11% of cases were diagnosed with HIV during the primary health care stage. For timely diagnosis and successful management of patients, it is necessary to expand the indications for HIV infection testing. There is a need to improve the availability of voluntary testing, including using express tests.
Dynamics and forecast of some indicators of access to medical care for newborns in the North-Western Federal district
Over the past six years, the availability of neonatologists in the North-Western Federal district has increased by 6.7%, and beds for pathology of newborns and premature babies — by 2.6%. The best picture is in the Arkhangelsk region and the Nenets Autonomous district. The lowest availability is in the Kaliningrad region. In the North-Western Federal district an increase in the availability of neonatologists is predicted. At the same time, the availability of beds for pathology of newborns and premature babies may decrease.
Results of preventive dental examinations of the Kyrgyz Republic population
M. Orozbekova, I. Yuldashev, N. Gurieva
There is a decrease in the quality of dental care and its availability in the Kyrgyz Republic, and the volume of preventive work is decreasing too. The indicators of planned dental check-ups coverage in the Republic for the period from 2008 to 2018 are quite low (on average 13.0%). 59.0% of the population has diseases requiring dental care. Of them, 67.0% receive this assistance in a timely manner.
Use of fibrolaryngoscopy in outpatient treatment for the diagnosis of laryngeal pathology in children
P. Pavlov, N. Medvedeva
Stridor is the most common symptom of upper respiratory tract pathology, which occurs from 74 to 100% of children with congenital laryngeal pathology. One of the diagnostic methods that can be performed on an outpatient basis is fibrolaryngoscopy. From June 2019 to December 2019, 65 patients with laryngeal pathology were examined in the Consultative and diagnostic center (CDC) of SPbSPMU. In addition to the standard examination, all children underwent fibrolaryngoscopy with a flexible endoscope. The study found that, in the age group up to 2 years prevailed laryngomalacia (77%), from 2 to 12 years — chronic laryngitis (36%) and nodules of vocal folds (36%), older than 12 years — chronic laryngitis (25%) and mutational dysphonia (37%).
The state of health of students — future pediatricians
A comprehensive medical and social research program was developed to assess the health status of students. The data obtained indicate a deterioration in the health of students with the transition to senior courses.
General cultural competence of SPbSPMU students
A. Lihtshangov, E. Cherkasova, P. Pechnikova
In the training of future doctors, cultural competencies play no less important role than professional ones. The authors conducted a study of medical student’s awareness in various fields of science and culture. 196 first-year students of SPbSPMU took part in the anonymous survey.
Olga Vladimirovna Kireeva — doctor, teacher, scientist
Portrait essay in memory of the doctor, teacher, scientist.
Date of publication: 15.07.2020